A dehumidifier is a device that reduces or removes water content in the air. Different dehumidifier types are depending on applications & working principles. Based on technology, there are two best types of dehumidifiers. Each kind of system has its pros and cons. Thus, it is essential to discuss these machines in detail.
Every site is different, and it needs a different approach. For example, for warehouses, we need to select a unit with high airflow. In the same vein, for home, we have to choose a silent system. Hence, if we know each kind of dehumidifier’s features, we can use it to its best.
Table of contents
- Dehumidifier types based on their uses.
- Dehumidifier types as per mounting.
- Dehumidifier types based on its working principle.
Dehumidifier types based on their uses.
Every area of use needs certain specific features in the dehumidifier. Hence, it is beneficial if we use the right dehumidifier types. Now, four areas use a dehumidification system often. And those are home, industry, swimming pools, and warehouses. Thus, dehumidifiers are of four types.
Home dehumidifier types.
These are small capacity systems having a capacity of 10 to 50 liters per day. As we all are aware, high humidity deteriorates our health. Besides, it can damage property. Thus, it is a standard practice now to use a dehumidifier at home. It has a basic filter to clean the air. Hence, these dehumidifier types also act as an air purifier.
In general, these are compact and silent room dehumidifiers with an internal tank. It works in automatic operation. In other words, it will switch on and off itself as per the set humidity level.
It is the best type of dehumidifier for commercial uses. Thus, it has a robust casing with reliable components. Commercial dehumidifier types are durable and costly. These are often portable or floor mount units. The capacity of these systems starts from 50 liters per day.
For a large facility, it can be a ducted type of dehumidifier. For the given capacity, commercial dehumidifiers are large size than home units. But, the matter of fact is that it is more powerful also.
Swimming pool dehumidifier types.
The swimming pool water surface evaporates and creates humidity. Thus, an indoor pool room always struggles with a high moisture level. As a result of this, it converts the pool area into the most uncomfortable place. Along with it, this wetness causes damage to the ceiling and walls. Hence, installing indoor pool dehumidifier types is a better option.
Ceiling or wall mount units are the best types of dehumidifiers for the pool area. However, people often use commercial portable units. For the permanent solution, one should opt for a wall or duct type system.
These kinds of dehumidifier types are used for specific industries. For instance, the output of the food company might get spoiled if humidity is high. Similarly, for the ammunition room, the moisture level is critical. Thus, these kinds of material need to store in low humid warehouses. And, since warehouses are often vast, it needs high capacity dehumidifiers.
For the warehouses, a large capacity floor or duct type unit is ideal. Since it is serving a huge space, it should have high airflow. At the same time, it should have a high dehumidifying capacity also.
Dehumidifier types as per mounting.
Dehumidifiers can be mount in different ways. And based on this factor, there are four dehumidifier types. Any unit can use for any area. But, each model is suitable for a specific space only. For example, the wall mount unit is the most portable system and is worst suited for indoor pools.
Portable type of dehumidifier.
It is a kind of dehumidifier that easy to identify. A portable unit has at least two wheels and a carry or a push handle. It is the best type of dehumidifier for home, offices, and industrial use. When it comes to capacity, it has a limit of up to 150 liters per day. Since these systems are for houses, it has a filter.
For these systems, aesthetic and controlling features are more important than performance. Due to its small capacity, it often has an inbuilt tank. If not, then it will have a condensate pump or both. The control panel is easy to use. And users can set a timer, fan speed, and humidity level, etc.
These dehumidifier types are suitable for the swimming pool, spa, and Jacuzzi. The common factor in all these areas is that it has water bodies. Hence, it generates high humidity due to evaporation. For these places, a ducted dehumidifier is an ideal choice. One can install it above the false ceiling or in the adjacent room also.
A wall mount external controller uses to operate the machine. It is either connected to air conditioning or a fresh air duct. The USPs of duct mount dehumidifier is it is invisible and silent. And the icing of the cake is that it saves space.
Wall mount dehumidifier.
It is the best type of dehumidifier for the pools, laundry rooms, and lobbies. It is also referred to as a decorative dehumidifier. Nowadays, elegant and thin designs are available, which are very attractive. Thus, it the first choice for a mansion, hotels, and high-end places. Wall mount units have a limitation on capacity. Hence, it uses for small areas or home swimming pools.
Floor mount type of dehumidifier.
It is large capacity dehumidification systems. The units are not movable with high airflow. Hence, it is most suited for warehouses, community hall, and production areas. These dehumidifier types are standing types. Thus, it occupies the space and adds noise. But, in these factors, not prevailing at applications where it gets used.
It is available from the size of 240 to 1600 liters per day. It is also suitable for a swimming pool with a large open space.
Dehumidifier types based on its working principle.
The moisture for the air can extract in two ways. Firstly, with the help of condensation. And second by absorbing water available in the air. Thus, there are two dehumidifier types based on the working principle.
Refrigerant type dehumidifier
It is also called as condensation or mechanical dehumidifier. These units use a refrigeration cycle to remove humidity from the air. Thus, it is a refrigerant type dehumidification machine. It consists of an evaporator and condenser coil. During the process, the fan draws humid air to the evaporator. Here air gets cooled below the dew point, and condensation of moisture happens.
After that, condensate water is collected in the tank. In the next step, dry air passes over the condenser coil, heated and released. These dehumidifier types are cheaper. Hence, around eighty percent of units have this technology.
These dehumidifier types are suitable for cold spaces. In the cold climate, the refrigerant unit will not work due to ice forming on its coil. Thus, such a cold room needs a special system. But the matter of the fact that it consumes power than mechanical units. Also, the initial cost is higher. Hence, this the best model of dehumidifier for specific areas only.
The machine consists of a rotating desiccant wheel. The process fan brings humid air to the desiccant wheel. At this place, humidity in the air gets absorbed by the desiccant wheel. In the next step, air heated and releases in the room. Due to absorbing the humidity desiccant wheel becomes wet. So, to dry the wheel, heated reactivation air passes over it, and damp air releases outside the room.
Dehumidifier types FAQs.
Based on the technology, there are refrigerant and desiccant dehumidifier types. Also, based on its uses, it classifies as home, industrial, and swimming pools dehumidifier.
It all depends on the area of application. For example, for the home, a portable mechanical dehumidifier is the best option. But, for the commercial and swimming pool, an industrial dehumidifier is the ideal choice.
No, the energy consumption is much less. And many systems available with energy star ratings. Also, these units turn off when humidity reduces to a set point. As an alternative, users can use programable delay on and off timer to save power.
There is no need to use water in the dehumidifier. In contrast, it generates water by absorbing humidity from the air.
The efficiency of the dehumidifier depends again on the area of use. For very cold climate spaces, desiccant dehumidifier types is an efficient option. But, for regular temperature spaces, a refrigerant unit is a productive one.